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Known as the Royal Game, Chess has
evolved over many centuries as it spread from its place of origin in the
Far East through the Middle East and into Europe.|
The current form of international chess--also known as Western chess or orthodox chess, to distinguish it from xiangqi (Chinese chess), shogi (Japanese chess), and other related games--has remained largely unchanged for the past 400 years.
There is evidence that the earliest chess game was invented in China in 204-203 B.C.E. by Han Xin, a military leader, to give his troops something to do during a winter encampment.